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Kyrie. ex. Guillaume de Machaut, La messe de Nostre Dame: Ite, missa est. The Kyrie is built around the same cantus firmus as the Kyrie from the Faenza. Guillaume de Machaut is the most important poet and composer of the to the Kyrie and Gloria, rather than on the Ordinary texts themselves. In the thirteenth century there began to appear anonymous manuscripts containing settings of the complete Ordinary (the Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus.

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Machaut’s unification of these items into an artistic whole is the earliest instance of an Ordinary of the Mass setting that is stylistically coherent and was also conceived as a unit. Machaut was likely born in in Rheims and is believed to have studied in Paris. The two shared many letters and often Machaut would send his compositions to the young woman. Never mind; this is a clean, well-balanced rendition, using solo voices, like the Taverner Consort but unlike that group with countertenors, rather than high tenors, on the top lines.

Machaut’s Messe de Nostre Dame is for four voices rather than the more common three. There is ample evidence that instruments other than the organ were not used in sacred music during the 14th century.

List of compositions by Guillaume de Machaut. According to a rubric found at the Cathedral, it would have likely been performed for the Saturday Lady Mass. The way each part is used to complement oyrie other through harmonic elements is well advanced anything else of the time, or even until the 16th century.

Machaut’s Messe de Nostre Dame : an overview

See below two excerpts from David Fallows. In the liturgy of the Mass, the items of the Ordinary are not performed consecutively, but are separated from one another by prayers and chants.

Skip to content Guillaume de Machaut is the most important poet and composer of the 14th century, with a lasting history of influence. Machaut added a contratenor voice that moved in the same low range as the tenor, sometimes replacing it as the lowest voice.

No attempt to submerge or efface their vocal personalities. I will describe some that I think are among the machaug, as well as the most recent recordings. This is a remarkably unified, and hence profoundly satisfying, account. Guillaume de Machaut and Reims: Problems playing this file? And if you have access to a good library you can find these additional articles — however, there are scores of others documenting the same fact:.


But these wise musicians are also at one with the novelty and innovative impact which the mass must have made when first sung. I would be interested in any historical evidence you have to back it up. Where the Kyrie is homogeneous in texture, without much need for articulation and with a consistent dynamic for all 8 of its minutes, macnaut some khrie off-beat rhythmic deviation in the first Kyrie, the Gloria, with a vastly greater number of words and a shorter running time, is given a lighter treatment, with the exception of the machaaut ‘Amen’ melisma at its end.

Other scholars believe that it was a written for performance during memorial Masses endowed through a fund provided by Guillaume Machaut and his brother and in their honor. PITCH This is perhaps is the element of music that is given the greatest emphasis in the construction of the mass, and it where most ground is broke in this piece.

TEXTURE texture is restricted to four voices that complement each other harmonically, and as earlier suggested, accentuates the harmonic structures through its neutrality.

Machaut: Messe de Notre Dame

Listening Chart Guillaume de Machaut: Stylistically it was utterly different from the other principal liturgical polyphonic form of the time, organumin which the voices usually moved at different speeds; in conductusthe voices sang together, in a style also known as discant. Retrieved from ” machzut Thanks you for your comment and interest in my jyrie on this fascinating work by Machaut. Nor yet to impose wayward, unnecessary color. Guillaume de Machaut c.

Missa de Notre Dame (Machaut, Guillaume de)

All of these masses are anonymous, and musicological scholarship indicates that all of them are compilations of the works of several composers. The other four movements of Machaut’s mass are composed in motet style with mass text. Bowles and James McKinnon-that the only instrument admissible in the Mass during the 14th century was the organ. Vocal timbre also exploits the acoustics of a cathedral, the common venue for performances of this mass, particularly the enveloping reverberation, that neutralises the timbre further.

New Evidence for an Old Debate. They are often considered characteristically instrumental, but there is no compelling evidence for that. Nevertheless there is fairly conclusive evidence-particularly in the work of Edmund H.


By the mids this changed with the composition of Guillaume de Machaut’s Mass of Our Lady, kyyrie earliest known polyphonic setting of the Mass by a single composer.

On this CD we get a robust and highly convincing interpretation from the ever enterprising eight-person all male Kyyrie group, Diabolus in Musica, under their director Antoine Guerber. The Gloria and Credo of the Messe de Nostre Dame exhibit some similarities to the Tournai mass, such as textless musical interludes, simultaneous style, and long melismatic Amens.

This is very informative.

Machaut composed all parts. The modern setting of the Mass would be much more spaced, using an upper voice in addition, however the cause of this could be the patriarchal nature of Medieval society, thus removing a soprano part, and the low quality of boy singers, eliminating the treble part. Where most movements see the use of rhythmic texturing, and a lack of rhythmic unity that complement each other quite well, the Gloria and Credo sees for the most part unified rhythm.

Three soloists sing new music polyphonically with ornamentation. There are currently fewer than a dozen recordings in the catalog; these do not include the one by Noah Greenberg and the New York Pro Musica, an iconic recording central to the early music revival.

Mood and aura can still be maachaut despite the consistency of timbre.

While they are somewhat difficult to be sung they are well within the skills of a trained professional singer. Timbre does not change throughout the Mass, as vocal settings do not involve a change in instruments, and tone of voice is not altered throughout, as this was not conventional, as the voice was the most effective instrument for the cathedral acoustics at the time.

It holds its own with all other available recordings. Compositions by Guillaume de Machaut Medieval music Masses music.

I prefer all male ensembles, singing one voice to a part, and this is not that kind of group.