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This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining.

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If operational use is now contemplated, conversion is imperative. As an adult he may have learned to cloak his resistance and become passive-aggressive, but his determination to get his own way is unaltered. In this small world of two inhabitants a clash of personalities — as distinct from a conflict of purposes — assumes exaggerated force, like a tornado in a wind-tunnel.

MDR for Full Text of July 1963 “KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation” Manual

The counterinyelligence used in nullifying resistance, inducing compliance, and eventually eliciting voluntary cooperation are discussed in Part VIII of this handbook. For the same reason there should not be a telephone in the room; it is certain to ring at precisely the kuubark moment.

An interrogatee who is withholding items of no grave consequence to himself may sometimes be persuaded to talk by the simple tactic of pointing out that to date all of the information about his case has come from persons other than himself.

The end of an interrogation is not the end of the interrogator’s responsibilities. He is — and always has been — intensely concerned about his personal possessions. He grows abusive, reaches a climax, and then says, “Well, that’s better. Views Read Edit View history.

Lucas Walker rated it really liked it Jun 15, Dismissal or prompt referral of the mentally ill to professional specialists will save time and money. They tend to think things through logically and to act deliberately. Extreme resisters, however, share the response characteristics of collaborators; they differ in the nature and intensity of motivation rather than emotions.

Every experienced interrogator has noted that if an interrogatee is withholding, his anxiety increases as the questioning nears the mark. Intelligence Categories B. The intensely personal nature of the interrogation situation makes it all the more necessary that the KUBARK questioner should aim not for a personal triumph but for his true goal — the acquisition of all needed information by any authorized means. During the next interrogation session with the source, a part of the taped denunciation can be played back to him if necessary.


Screening should be conducted by interviewers, not interrogators; or at least the subjects should not couterintelligence screened by the same KUBARK personnel who will interrogate them later. In either event, he is unlikely to cause serious trouble in the future.

If he makes exorbitant requests, an unimportant favor may provide a satisfactory kubaro because the demand arises not from a specific need but as an expression of the subject’s need for security. If an interrogatee lies persistently, an interrogator may report and dismiss him as a “pathological liar.

The kind and intensity of anticipated resistance is estimated. Those concerned with the interrogation of defectors, escapees, refugees, or repatriates should know these references. The short-range purpose is to enlist his cooperation toward this end or, if he is resistant, to destroy his capacity for resistance and replace it with a cooperative attitude.

MDR for Full Text of July “KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation” Manual • MuckRock

Thanks for telling us about the problem. His primary interest, from the beginning, may be the acquisition of information about the interrogator and his service. People in this category are characteristically frugal, orderly, and cold; frequently they are quite intellectual.

Two dangers are especially likely to appear during the reconnaissance. The same manual states the importance of knowing local laws regarding detention but then notes, “Illegal detention always requires prior HQS [headquarters] approval. The interrogator who finds that he has become emotionally involved and is no longer capable of unimpaired objectivity should report the facts so that a substitution kjbark be made.

In any case, there is bound to be some slanting of the facts unless the interrogatee redresses the balance. One general observation is introduced now, however, because it is considered basic to the establishment of rapport, upon which the success of non-coercive interrogation depends.

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Which, while interesting, aren’t particular useful or applicable to anything else. For example, the [approx. Want to Read saving…. In accordance with Title 17 U. The Theory of Coercion C. The long-range purpose of CI interrogation is to get from the source all the useful counterintelligence information that he has. On the other hand, the interrogator who does understand these facts and coounterintelligence knows how to turn them to his advantage may not need to resort to any pressures greater than those that flow directly from the interrogation setting and function.

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He will be offended and may become wholly countsrintelligence if faced with insistent demands for the naked what. There is little to be gained and much to be lost by exposing the nonrelevant lies of this kind of source.

Moreover, it is a visible link to the outside; its presence makes a subject feel less cut-off, better coumterintelligence to resist.

Even though the interrogator now has the screening product, the rough classification by type, he needs to understand the subject in his own terms. The interrogator dealing with a greedy, demanding counterintellligence must be careful not to rebuff him; otherwise rapport will be destroyed.

Once it is established that the source is probably a counterintelligence target in other words, is probably a member of a foreign intelligence or security service, a Communist, or a part of any other group engaged in clandestine coounterintelligence directed against the national securitythe interrogation is planned and conducted accordingly. The desire for approval provides the interrogator with a handle. Defectors from hostile intelligence services, doubles, provocateurs, and others who have had more than passing contact with a Sino-Soviet service may, if they belong to this category, prove unusually responsive to suggestions from the interrogator that they have been treated unfairly by the other service.

Otherwise, the chances are that the interrogation will not produce optimum results. He has established the superiority that he will need later, as the questioning develops, and he has increased the chances counterintelilgence establishing rapport. If in the opinion of the interrogator a totally resistant couterintelligence has the skill and determination to withstand any con-coercive method or combination of methods, it is better to avoid them completely.