The Governments represented in the Seventh International Conference of American States: Wishing to conclude a Convention on Rights and Duties of States. Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States. Signed at Montevideo, 26 Decem ber Entered into Force, 26 Decem ber Article 8. In the absence of rigorous philosophical tradition in Indonesia, to build a nation and a nation-state out of hundreds of ethnic groups, Indonesian.
Article 1 The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: The acceptance of three of the signatories was subject to minor reservations.
The contracting states definitely establish the rule of their conduct the konvensl obligation not to recognize territorial acquisitions or advantages that have been obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure.
Delegations from twenty states participated – from the United States and all those in Latin America except Costa Rica provision was made for Costa Rica to later sign the conventions and treaties preseented in the conference.
Archived copy as title.
File:Montevideo Convention parties.svg
Hence, for nearly a century, Indonesian political discourse were uniquely marked by a hodgepodge of philosophical thoughts – probably inspired by the traditional syncretic way of thinking – in which coherency and consistency were not amongst the noblest attribute. Such notification shall be considered as an exchange of ratifications. Article 4 States are juridically equal, enjoy the same rights, and have equal capacity in their exercise.
Article 11 The contracting states definitely establish as the rule of their conduct the precise obligation not to recognize territorial acquisitions or special advantages which have been obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure. Sophonisba Preston Breckinridgethe first U. In witness whereof, the following Plenipotentiaries have signed this Convention in Spanish, English, Portuguese and French and hereunto affix their respective seals in the city of Montevideo, Republic of Uruguay, this 26th day of December, The European Unionin the principal statement of its Badinter Committee follows the Montevideo Convention in its definition of a state: The Convention codifies the declarative theory of statehood as accepted as part of customary international law.
The latter results from any act which implies the intention of recognizing the new state.
Konvensi Montevideo – Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
IT services Knowledge resources Library Services to the public. Search our webpages Search. Who, after having exhibited their Full Powers, which were found to be in good and due order, have agreed upon the following:. Most well-known is Article 1, which sets out the four criteria for statehood that have been recognized by international organizations as an accurate statement of customary international law:.
The convention became operative on December 26, This page was last edited on 13 Decemberat Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: The committee also found that the existence of states was a question of fact, while the recognition by other states was purely declaratory and not a determinative factor of statehood.
Web editors at Faculty of Law. Differences of any nature which arise between them should be settled by recognized pacific methods. The corresponding instruments shall be deposited in the archives of the Pan American Union which shall communicate them to the other High Contracting Parties. According to Article 11 of the Convention .
The instrument of ratification shall be deposited in the archives of the Pan American Union in Washington, which shall notify the signatory governments of said deposit. Article 5 The fundamental rights of states are not susceptible of being affected in any manner whatsoever. The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uruguay shall transmit authentic certified copies to the governments for the aforementioned purpose of ratification.
Organization of American States.
The present Convention shall remain in force indefinitely but may be denounced by means of one year’s notice given to the Montrvideo American Union, which shall transmit it to the other signatory governments. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The 16 states that have ratified this convention are limited to the Americas. The present Convention will enter into force between the High Contracting Parties in the order in which they deposit their respective ratifications.
Views Read Edit View klnvensi. International relations Sovereignity of states Rights and duties of states State succession Diplomatic relations Consular relations Privileges and immunities Law of treaties State responsibility and liability Montevvideo settlement Peace security and defense cooperation State, territory and global commons Self determination and transfrontier co-operation.
Article 12 Konevnsi present Convention shall not affect obligations previously entered into by the High Contracting Parties by virtue of international agreements.
Pancasila, the five principles of the Indonesian political philosophy, can be regarded as the brainchild of this political syncretism. States are juridically equal, enjoy the same rights, and have equal capacity in their exercise.
Archived from the original on The exercise of these rights has no other limitation than the exercise of the rights of other states according to international law. Herring, Oxford University Press, p. Article 10 The primary interest of states is the conservation of peace.
Sub navigation Services and tools Library Treaties The convention was signed by 19 states. They agreed among themselves to criteria that made it easier for other dependent states with limited sovereignty to gain international recognition.
The political existence of the state is ,ontevideo of recognition by the other states. The contracting states definitely establish as the rule of their conduct the precise obligation not to recognize territorial acquisitions or special advantages which have momtevideo obtained by force whether this consists in the employment of arms, in threatening diplomatic representations, or in any other effective coercive measure.
The rights of each one do not depend upon monhevideo power which it possesses to assure its exercise, but upon the simple fact of its existence as a person under international law. Title Abstract Author Affiliation. The conference is notable in U.