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The Beijing Consensus refers to the political and economic policies of the People’s Republic of China instituted after Mao. The Beijing Consensus is increasingly viewed by developing countries as an Source: Joshua Cooper Ramo: “The Beijing Consensus: Notes on the New. Beijing Consensus was a term initially coined by Joshua Cooper Ramo in , as a superior, and distinctly Asian, developmental model.

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Halper argues that China’s model of economic development without corresponding democratic reforms is serving as a template throughout the developing world.

The third guideline urges a policy of self-determination, where the less-developed nations use leverage to keep the superpowers in check and assure their own financial sovereignty. Central Foreign Affairs Commission Director: He sees this as establishing a trend “Away from the market – democratic model—and toward a new type of capitalismwhich can flourish without the values and norms of Western liberalism ” [14] which could ultimately supplant the Washington consensus.

The Beijing Consensus – Joshua Cooper Ramo – Google Books

Xi Jinping Communist Party leader: Xi Jinping Deputy Director: Xia Baolong Political parties: Xu Qiliang Zhang Youxia. Retrieved October 30, Business and economics portal.


Li Zhanshu Vice-Chairpersons Top-ranked: Retrieved 31 October Sectors Common property Private Public Voluntary. Stefan HalperDirector of American Studies at the Department of Politics, Cambridge and former foreign policy official in the NixonFordand Reagan administrations, offered his own interpretation of the term in his book, The Beijing Consensus: Johua includes not only financial self-determination, but also a shift to the most effective military strategy, which Ramo suggests is more likely to be an asymmetric strategy rather than one that seeks direct confrontation.

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Beijing Consensus

Rather, Ramo feels that the sustainability of the economic system and an even distribution of wealth, along with GDPare important indicators of progress. Xi Jinping Deputy Directors: National Defense Mobilization Dept.

Not an actual interview, quotations are drawn from book with questions added to provide context. He added that, “From the western perspective, the ‘China model’ theory makes China into an alarming outlier, and must lead to conflict between China and the western world”, adding that the tariffs and the trade war persued by U.

According to academic and former Chinese official Zhang Weiwei, the “key features” of the model are:. National Defense Mobilization Commission. The Case of China”. Check date values in: One critic of Ramo’s plan is University of Oregon professor Arif Dirlika “notable specialist in Chinese and in intellectual history,” who wrote the paper Beijing Consensus: Liu He General Office Director: Critics at the free-market oriented magazine The Economist have called the model “unclear” and an invention of “American think-tank eggheads” and “plumage-puffed Chinese academics”.


Discipline Inspection Commission Secretary: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 28 January Zhao Kezhi State Councilor. It is one that Beijing eagerly exports as demonstrated by its support of other illiberal regimes, such as those in SudanAngolaor Zimbabwe by offering developing countries “no-strings-attached gifts and loans”, rather than “promoting democracy through economic aid”, as does the West. Barnett Papers in Social Research. An Alternative Model for Development”.

Beijing Consensus – Wikipedia

Common property Private Public Voluntary. The Foreign Policy Centre. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. Scientific Outlook on Development.

Li Keqiang Office Chief: