• No Comments

PDF | On Jan 1, , Samir Amr and others published Jabir ibn Hayyan. writer authoring books on philosophy, books. Jābir ibn Hayyan (also known by his Latinized name Geber, circa –) was a contemporary of the first Abbasids, who ruled circa – Find Jabir ibn Hayyan books online. Get the best Jabir ibn Hayyan books at our marketplace.

Author: Vujinn Faujinn
Country: Argentina
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Career
Published (Last): 17 September 2013
Pages: 434
PDF File Size: 20.74 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.59 Mb
ISBN: 513-6-95317-450-9
Downloads: 67844
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Zur

Dutton ; Also Paris, P. The Jabirian corpus is renowned for its contributions to alchemy. Twentieth century scholar E. The works in Latin under the name of Geber include these important book processes Von Meyer, Islam’s Contribution to Science. It is useful to differentiate the techniques, processes, and theories associated with the Arabic works ascribed to Jabir, and those of the Latin works under the authorship of Geber, Jabir’s latinized name. To cite this article click here for a list jabig acceptable citing formats.

Retrieved 23 May Retrieved 15 October In total, nearly 3, treatises and articles are credited to Jabir ibn Hayyan. Abu Musa Jabir ibn Hayyan c.

Jabir ibn Hayyan – Wikipedia

Jabir’s alchemical investigations ostensibly revolved around the ultimate goal of takwin —the artificial creation of life. The identity of the author of works attributed to Jabir has long been discussed. Jabir fled to Kufa, where he is said to have lived long enough to persuade the succeeding Caliph, Al-Ma’mun, to nominate a successor of Jabir’s choice. According to the philologist-historian Paul KrausJabir cleverly mixed in his alchemical writings unambiguous references to the Ismaili or Qarmati movement.


Minorsky, The Encyclopaedia of IslamVol. Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards. It is therefore difficult, at best, for the modern reader to understand these works.

As early as the 10th century, the identity and exact corpus of works of Jabir was in dispute in Islamic circles. He was eventually caught by the Umayyads and executed. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers jabid Anawati, “Arabic alchemy”, in R.

Others say his teacher was another Jafar, the Barmecide vizier Jafar ibn Yahya, who was put to death inby the ruler Harun al-Rashid.

GEBER [Jabir Ibn Hayyan]

The nature and properties of elements was defined through numeric values assigned the Arabic consonants present in their name, ultimately culminating in the number This theory appears to have originated the search for al-iksir, the elusive elixir that would make this transformation possible—which in European alchemy became known as the philosopher’s stone.

According to this tradition, Jabir would have died only after the naming of the successor, Ali al-Rida, in Dent,p.

Hayyan became enmeshed in the political intrigues of his time, and was executed shortly after Jabir’s birth. The sulfur-mercury theory is first recorded in bools 7th-century work Secret of Creation credited falsely to Balinus Apollonius of Tyana.


Jabir applied his chemical knowledge to the improvement of many manufacturing processes, such as making steel and other metals, preventing rustengraving golddyeing and waterproofing cloth, tanning leather, and the chemical analysis of pigments and other substances.

The Three Books on Alchemy by Geber, the Great Philosopher and Alchemist

The Secrets of Alchemy. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Still, there are a minority who make a case for Jabir’s authorship of all the works attributed to him. The consensus among scholars who have studied the body of work attributed to Jabir is that they could not all have been written by him. He has been described as “the father of early chemistry”. Holmyard had abandoned the idea of an Arabic original.

In the Middle AgesJabir’s treatises on alchemy were translated into Latin and became standard texts for European alchemists. Whether or not he was genuinely the author of all the works attributed to him, his contributions were substantial, laying the foundations of modern chemistry.

And Esoteric sciences “. For example, lead was cold and dry and gold was hot and moist.