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most Azerbaijanis in Iran referred to themselves as Turks. .. 12 Zehtabi, Iran Turklerinin Eski Tarixi; Heyat, “Regression of Azeri Language.” 13 E.M. 3 M.T. Zehtabi, Iran Turklerinin Eski Tarixi. Ikinci chap (Tebriz: Artun, ). 4 Rahim Rayees-Nia, Azerbaijan dar Seir-e Tarikh-e Iran, 2 vols. (Tabriz: Nima. compared with more than 20 million Azeris in Iran. The two from northwestern Iran to the Caspian Sea in the east M.T. Zehtabi, Iran Turklerinin Eski Tarixi.

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More importantly, almost the whole of the existing literature on the Azerbaijani national movement has been created by the members of the dominant Indo-European-Persian race and their sympathizers for an exception see Haqqi, Tarix the national movement as “crisis”, Fawcett tries to view the movement ‘from an Iranian perspective’ p. Upon his freedom, he had come to Tehran and started publishing his newspaper Azhir. His account serves to support Persian nationalistic ideology, emphasizing the centralized authority and denying the right of various nationalities for self-determination.

As a direct result of the war, Iran was invaded by the Soviet and British forces; the Pahlavi regime’s oppressive military was curtailed, and Iran’s dictator, Reza Shah Pahlavi was deposed and forced to exile.

Following the negotiations between the two republics, a treaty was signed on April 23,between the Kurdistan and Azerbaijan governments. Conscious and assured of non-resistance on the part of Azerbaijanis, the army, accompanied by gangs and thugs hired and armed by local landlords, entered Azerbaijan and savagely massacred its unarmed people.

Normally it was left to the benevolence of the landlord to decide what to give to peasant in exchange for his cultivation of the land. Meanwhile, discourses concerning Aryanization and de-Aryanization of various nationalities living in Iran continue as ever After suppression of Azerbaijan, the neighboring Kurdish Republic was brutally attacked and conquered. In the yearthe Pahlavi dynasty was overthrown and, subsequently, the Islamic Republic was formed.

After the failure of Iranian revolution, it seems that the Azerbaijani political parties and intellectuals are thinking twice before tying the destiny of Azeri people to maintenance of Iran’s territorial integrity. More than this, in respect to issues concerning human rights, particularly women’s rights and freedom, the situation even worsened and kept deteriorating.


The assembly was composed of deputies, all democrats and Azeri nationalists from various backgrounds such as workers and laborers, who were determined on demanding autonomy for Azerbaijan see also Atabaki, P.

I also heard and learned about the struggle of our people for self-determination, for justice, equality, freedom and liberation.

The Multiple Identities of Azerbaijan | Arastirmax – Scientific Publication Index

On the following morning, September 17, the British and Soviet forces entered Tehran. Conclusion The second world war has left a lasting impact on the struggle of Iran’s various nations for self-determination.

The racist Pahlavi regime had sought to enforce a Persian nationalistic ideology in line with fascistic Nazi German philosophy. The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was formed on December 12,followed by the formation of the Kurdish Republic a month later. The Iranian regime took the matter to the newly founded United Nations.

They were witnessing the eradication of their native culture, language, history and heritage on a daily basis.

The Multiple Identities of Azerbaijan

The oil concession did not only mean a lion’s share of Iran’s oil for Russia, more importantly, it meant the security of Soviet borders in Iranian tqrixi zone, particularly in the rivalry with the British and the newly arrived Americans. Iran in the Twentieth Century.

Nevertheless, two days later, the ADP, under heavy pressures from the Soviets, decided to give up resistance and allow the Iranian army enter into Azerbaijan. The Iranian army, however, looked like anything but peaceful. The conflict became internationalized, and as some have argued, it came to mark the beginning of the cold war Fawcett ; Atabaki Lack of democracy coupled with unbearable lingual inequality and systemic discrimination against non-Persians came to play a very central role in the demise of Pahlavi dynasty in Iran.

At the beginning of the war inIran was esmi under Reza Shah Pahlavi, a military dictator brought to power by a British engineered coup d’etat in Soldiers ran riot, looting and plundering, taking what they wanted.

Its mission had been liberation, but it preyed on the civilians, leaving death and destruction behind. The Russian Army had been on its best behavior. On December 10, Qavam’s army reached Azerbaijani territory. The Azerbaijani Turks, who were very proud of their heritage and accomplishments, were among those most subjected to racist and chauvinistic assimilationist Aryan ideology. The anti-colonial framework is a theorization of issues emerging from colonial relations, an interrogation of the configuration of power, embedded in ideas, cultures and histories of knowledge production.


These kinds of government employees were serving in Azerbaijan and Kurdistan in such positions as governors, mayors, teachers, registrars, and all kinds and sorts of big and little officials. The Kurdish Republic set out to follow the democratic reforms and events taking place in the neighboring Azerbaijan. The book was first published in exile inthen republished in Iran with some modifications inthe year of anti-monarchic revolution.

Iran and the Cold War: Promotion of Azerbaijan’s culture, history, language and music was greatly emphasized. In the meantime, the British, now working hand in hand with Qavam, had engineered another scenario in the south. The people of Azerbaijan, along with other oppressed nationalities and groups, joined in the struggle against the absolute monarchic regime and eventually managed to bring it down through the popular revolution. After extorting the oil concession, now the Russians badly needed its ratification.

Towards the end ofafter the disintegration of Soviet Union, the formation of an independent Azerbaijani nation was declared north of the Iranian borders. Based on their mutual agreement, the allied forces were to leave Iran by March 2, Owing to the nature of their organization, the authors adopt an Iranian turklerini viewpoint, greatly emphasizing the territorial integrity of Iran.

On May 28,the northern Azerbaijan declared its autonomy under a democratic party led by Mohammed-Amin Resulzadeh. When they heard the news of Azerbaijan’s surrender, disagreement and controversy fell among the leaders.

As a result, the speedy election of the new Majlis was vitally important for the Russians.