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Image of Hydrolycus scomberoides (Payara). Hydrolycus scomberoides Etymology: Hydrolycus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, lykos = wolf (Ref. ). Characin fish guide for Payara, Hydrolycus scomberoides, Vampire Tetra Info, Vampire Fish pictures and description, Vampire Tetra care, diet, tankmates, and.

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Fish Diseases The Payara is a large, difficult fish to keep. Because these fish eat live foods, diseases can be passed to them from their foods.

These are used to impale their prey, mostly smaller fish. Retrieved 31 October The aquarium also needs a tight fitting lid.

Payara – Quick Aquarium Care. Even if these needs are met, Payara mysteriously do not survive long in captivity. Appropriate aquarium fare includes live foods such as feeder fish, earthworms, and river shrimps.

It requires a large aquarium and can only be mixed with relatively large species, as smaller will be seen as potential prey. Cynodontidae with the description of two new species”. But eventually, be prepared to invest in a tank of gallons or more with a better-than-average filter system.

How much is it worth? It scomberokdes also be maintained in a group in a suitably-sized aquarium but the purchase of at least three specimens is advisable. Their short lifespan may be a result of a large bio load, hyddolycus in nitrogenous waste. He’s to big for my tank and I’m looking to sell. An overly bright light will also stress them out, so keep the lighting moderate and have some areas that are dim.

For information about freshwater fish diseases and illnesses, see Aquarium Fish Diseases and Treatments. In fact, the two main lower teeth are so long that upper jaw has holes for them to fit into. This species is pelagic and adults tend to be associated with flowing stretches of main river channels and larger tributaries of both white and black water rivers. They often only survive for 6 months to a year in captivity, with just a few having been reported as living up to 2 years.


I will be building his next home gal aquarium this summer. These fangs can be 4 to 6 inches long! Aquarium Setup The Payara is an extremely large predatory fish.

Hydrolycus scomberoides, Payara : fisheries, gamefish, aquarium

An outbreak of disease can often be limited to just one or a few fishes if dealt with at an early stage. Juveniles may live in less turbulent water, but adults are found in fast-moving currents, like rapids and the base of waterfalls.

Anything you add to your tank can introduce disease.

These fish often only survive for 6 months to a year, with just a few having been reported as living up to 2 years. That being said, there is no guarantee that you won’t have to deal with health problems or disease. This fish will not survive if it feels crowded, so even though other large fish, such as a Pacu or large catfish, will probably be able to survive in the same tank, the Payara will do better if kept in a single species, single specimen tank.

They sometimes refuse food in captivity, and once feeding, need a varied diet of fish.

Human uses

The Hydrolycus genus consists of hydolycus species. This incredible fish has two large fangs on its lower jaw. The biggest concerns with the Payara are lack of space and food, and providing pristine water that is highly oxygenated.

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A more subdued lighting coupled with a dark backdrop will bring out their best sdomberoides too. While the majority of aquatic plants will fail to thrive in such surroundings hardy genera such as MicrosorumBolbitisor Anubias spp.

Payara – Wikipedia

To combat these ever-changing conditions, water should be replaced on a regular basis. The latter fit into a pair of corresponding openings in the upper jaw which allows the mouth to be closed completely.

My email is kenandcrys live. They are often found in loose groups and feed on smaller fish, but the bulk of their diet consists of piranhas. Yes, they require truly massive specifically designed tanks.

Juveniles presumably occur in smaller tributaries and areas of flooded forest. This predatory fish is found in the Amazon Basin in tropical South America. Boletim do Instituto de Pesca. This fish can reach up to about 4 feet cm in length and weigh up to 40 lbs 18 kgthough aquarium specimens are usually only reach a quarter of that size, around 12 inches. Habitat This species is pelagic and adults tend to be associated with flowing stretches of main river channels and larger tributaries of both white and black water rivers.

Hydrolycus scomberoides lower illustration and Rhaphiodon vulpinus upper illustration. They are occasionally available and will readily adapt to aquarium life, but they are most often short-lived.