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ordinances (collectively referred to as the ‘Hudood [ Hud?d ]. Ordinances’) which were Also, new laws were introduced through the vehicle of the ordinances. THE HUDOOD LAWS 65 basic needs. This changed the following year, however, as Pakistan’s military dictator, President General Zia-ul-Haq, introduced the. (New York) – The Pakistani government’s proposed amendments to the Hudood Ordinances are grossly inadequate and fall far short of the.

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Convict shall be medically examined before flogging to determine if the flogging should be “applied in such manner and with such hufood that it does not kill the offender yudood flogged. ONE has to look harder and harder to discern the economic message and direction of the government.

But Musharraf backtracked on the accord to seek an alternative hudkod on amending the Hudood Ordinances with the Islamist Muttaheda Majlis-e-Amal MMA alliance, which opposes any meaningful changes. After General Zia ul-Haq came to power in through a military coup in Pakistan, he imposed and suspended all fundamental rights guaranteed in the Constitution, including the right to be free of discrimination on the basis of sex. Join our movement today. Hadd offences fixed punishment require a higher standard of proof than tazir discretionary punishment and their punishments are more severe.

Rape, now referred to as zina-bil-jabr, was similarly made liable to either the hadd or the tazir penalty depending on the type of proof available. Stories of suffering by women who claimed hudoood have been raped appeared in the press in the years following the passing of the Hudood Ordinance stirring protests by Pakistani activists and lawyers and international human rights organizations.

The New York Times. Thankfully nobody has been as yet stoned to death, but hundreds of women who reported rape were put in jail. Trio accused in JIT report reject findings, claim innocence. He had no political base and after the execution of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the Pakistan PM his popularity was at a low ebb.

Both offences of zina liable to hadd and fornication offences have been made cognisable only by a court, meaning that when a complaint is made of either offence, the police may not arrest the accused unless directed to do so by the court.


The Hudood Laws

After a while the family arranges another match and she gets married. Human Rights Watch called on Pakistan to decriminalize adultery and non-marital consensual sex, and to adopt rules of evidence that give equal weight to testimony given by men and women. December 31, News Release.

Because the promulgation of the Zina Ordinance entailed the abolition of Pakistan’s statutory rape law, girls as young as twelve have been prosecuted for having extra-marital intercourse under circumstances that would previously have mandated laas rape charges against their assailant. Inbefore the ordinances went into effect there were 70 women held in Pakistani prisons. Pakistan inherited a similar set of laws from the British rulers as India. The amendments fail to address fundamental problems with the Hudood Hdood, such as the discriminatory provisions that criminalize sex outside of marriage and fail to recognize lawss rape.

Hudood Laws

KU workshop urges review of Hudood laws”. In addition, for the first time in Pakistan’s history, fornication non-marital sex became illegal. Prohibited sexual activities, including rape zina bil jabrbecame religious offenses, subject to different evidentiary standards and punishment and the appellate jurisdiction of Islamic higher courts.

The law hudooe the land for decades since independence has remained the Pakistan Penal Code.

This act allowed rape, as it is not mentioned in the Koran back under the PPC, but the other aspects of the ordinance remain including Zina. Thumping a fat red lasw book, the white-bearded judge who convicted her, Anwar Ali Khan, said he had simply followed the letter of the Qur’an-based law, known as hudood, that mandates punishments.

Inthen President Pervez Musharraf again proposed reform of the ordinance. The study found the ordinance used to file “nuisance or harassment suits against disobedient daughters or hudod wives.

These laws created six distinct categories of sexual offences and assigned punishments for each: The system provided for two kinds of offences — hadd and tazir — with different punishments to go with them. Updated December 30, Prisoner accord If Pakistan hopes to bring back to own prisons people sentenced abroad, it is even more reason to reform jail system.

Skip to main content. One case was that hdood Safia Bibi, an unmarried blind woman from the northwest frontier who was prosecuted for zina because of her illegitimate pregnancy. Both it and adultery became non-compoundable, non-bailable, and punishable at maximum by death. Most Shared December 14, Dispatches. A woman alleging rape was required to provide four adult male eyewitnesses of huood standing tazkiyah-al-shuhood to “the act of penetration”.


General Zia had his reasons for taking this retrograde step. Follow the Film channel. However, General Ziaul Haq who took over in after a military coup reversed the clock. December 18, News Release. The most controversial of the four ordinances, lawz it has several distinct categories of sexual offences and assigned punishments for each:.

The evidence of guilt was there for all to see: As an example, a rape crime has to be proved by budood eyewitnesses.

Please give now to support our work. New York – The Pakistani government must honor its pledge to amend the controversial Hudood Ordinances by removing some of its most discriminatory and dangerous provisions, Human Rights Watch said today. Skip to main content. Worse, in actual practice, the vast majority of accused women were found guilty by the trial court only to be acquitted on appeal to the Federal Laas Court.

Zafran Bibi, who is about 26, is in solitary confinement in a death-row cell. The Pakistani government of General Pervez Musharraf has said the National Assembly will soon consider amendments to the Hudood Ordinances, which criminalize adultery and non-marital sex, but the government has repeatedly reneged on such assurances in the past.

There are cases that women who reported lawss under the Hudood ordinance were charged with Zina or adultery. Because of this stringent standard, no accused has ever been found guilty and stoned to death in Pakistan, [14] [15] and punishments have been awarded only under the Tazir provision of the Hudood Ordinance.

Plight of the Pakistani Women under the Hudood ordinance

The Hudood Ordinances are fundamentally flawed and must be repealed in their entirety. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Dear reader, online huodod enable us to deliver the journalism you value. Kennedy states that “clearly the perception that Zia’s program significantly discriminated against women’s rights is fundamentally flawed”. The ordinance took away crimes against women like rape out of the purview of the PPC. December 13, News Release.