GENERALIZATION SPECIALIZATION AGGREGATION IN DBMS PDF

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Generalization, Specialization and Aggregation in ER Model – GeneralizationGeneralization is a process of generalizing an entity which. Generalization Aggregation – Learn DBMS in simple and easy steps starting from its The reverse is called specialization where a person is a student, and that. Generalization Aggregation – The concept of generalization (specialization) is associated with special types of entities known as superclasses and subclasses, .

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In this way, it is a base up methodology generalizatikn two or lower lever substances are consolidated to shape a more elevated amount element. In specialization, a group of entities is divided into sub-groups based on their characteristics.

But in a company, persons can be identified as employee, specoalization, customer, or vendor, based on what role they play in the company.

The reverse is called specialization where a person is a student, and that student is Mira. Sometimes you may want to model a ‘has-a,’ ‘is-a’ or ‘is-part-of’ relationship, in which one entity represents a larger entity the ‘whole’ that will consist of smaller entities the ‘parts’.

Generalization, Specialization and Aggregation Concepts in DBMS

Speculation is an abstracting procedure of review sets of items as a solitary general class by focusing on the general attributes of the constituent sets while stifling or overlooking their disparities. It’s more like Superclass and Subclass system, but the only difference is the approach, which is bottom-up. Specializaation Tutorials C Programs. A distinct sub-grouping of occurrences of an entity type that require being represented in a data model.

Since the s there has been a rapid amplification in the development of many new database systems that have more demanding database requirements than those of the traditional applications. The details of entities are generally hidden from the user; this process known as abstraction. Responsive Theme powered by WordPress.

An entity type that includes one or more dissimilar sub-groupings of its occurrences that is required to be represented in a data model. Various semantic data models have been proposed, and some of the most important semantic concepts have been successfully incorporated into the original ER model. The ER Model has the capability of articulating database entities in a conceptual hierarchical manner.

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Inheritance is an important feature of Generalization and Specialization. Specialization is opposite to Generalization. In this way, the two deliberation instruments used to model data: An example of aggregation is the ‘Teacher’ entity following the ‘syllabus’ entity act as a single entity in the relationship.

Hence, entities are combined to form a genera,ization generalised entity, in other words, sub-classes are combined to form a super-class.

In the diagram above, the relationship between Center and Course together, is acting as an Entity, which is in relationship with another entity Visitor.

Aggregration is a process when relation between two entities is treated as abgregation single entity. Generalization Specialization Aggregration Let’s understand what they are, and why were they added to the existing ER Model.

Such an entity-set is treated in the same manner as any other entity-set. In this chapter, you will learn about the main two important concepts. Generalization Generalization is a bottom-up approach in which two lower level entities combine to form a higher level entity. The entity that is created will contain the common features. In generalization, a number of entities are brought together into one generalized entity based on their similar characteristics.

The Enhanced ER Model As the complexity of data increased in the late s, it became more and more difficult to use the traditional ER Model for database modelling.

Specialization is a process of identifying subsets of an entity that shares different specialozation. Aggregation represents relationship between a whole object and its component. In generalization, some entities are accommodated together into one generalized entity or category based on their similar characteristics. Aggregation does not change the meaning of navigation and routing across the relationship between the whole and its parts.

Generalization is a process of generalizing an entity which contains generalized attributes or properties of generalized entities.

Generalization, Specialization and Aggregation in DBMS

Answered on 24th Jul,95 Views. In simple words, aggregation is a process where the relation between two entities is treated as a single entity. Speculation Specialization is the opposite procedure of Generalization Collection Generalization in DBMS Speculation is an abstracting procedure of review sets of items as a solitary general class by focusing on the general attributes of the constituent sets while stifling or overlooking their disparities.

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The reflection is the instrument used to shroud the unnecessary points of interest of an arrangement of articles. Similarly, in a school database, persons can be specialized as teacher, student, or a staff, based on what role they play in school as entities. Another type of total says that it is abstracting a relationship in the middle of articles and survey the relationship as an item.

Hence some improvements or enhancements were made to the existing ER Model to make it able to handle the complex applications better. This special kind of relationship is termed as an aggregation.

Using aggregation we can express relationship among relationships. For example, Saving and Current account types entities can be generlization and an entity with name Account can be created, which covers both.

Specialization is the abstracting procedure of acquainting new qualities with a teneralization class of items to make one or all the more new classes of articles. In specialization, a higher level entity may not have any lower-level entity sets, it’s possible.

Generalization, Specialization and Aggregation in ER Model

In generalization, the higher level entity can also combine with other lower level entities to aggreggation further higher level entity. We use all the above features of ER-Model in order to create classes of objects in object-oriented programming. Comments Edit Question Edit Categories. In basic terms, a gathering of substances in specialization can be classified into sub-bunches in view of their attributes.

As genefalization basic concepts of ER modeling are often not enough to represent the requirements aggreyation the newer complex applications which therefore stimulated the need to develop additional ‘semantic’ modeling concepts.

The normal qualities implies here properties or techniques. For example, a particular student named Mira can be generalized along with all the students. It allows lower-level entities to inherit the attributes of higher-level entities.

It is a top down approach in which we first define the super class and then sub class and then their attributes and relationships.