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Evolution and Functional Diversification of Fructose Bisphosphate Aldolase have indicated particularly diverse origins of their overall gene repertoire. fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolases (FBAs) illustrate the influence on. Fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate aldolase (FBA) is a key plant enzyme that is Gene Evolution, and Expression Analysis of the Fructose-1, 6-bisphosphate cloning , and evolutionary history of the chloroplast and cytosolic class I aldolases of the . Fructose-bisphosphate aldolase (EC ), often just aldolase, is an enzyme catalyzing a . “Fructose-bisphosphate aldolases: an evolutionary history”.

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It and gluconeogenesis share a series of four reversible reactions. Different members of the FBA gene evolutionayr have been identified and characterized in various plant species, including maize Dennis et al. It plays significant roles in biotic and abiotic stress responses, as well as in regulating growth and development processes. In sum, the TaFBA gene family has significant biofunctions during plant development, metabolism, and abiotic stress responses.

Orange circle represents Plasmodium. Putative cis-acting regulatory DNA elements in the promoter region 1. PCR was performed based on three technical replicates for each of the biological duplicates.

Owing to the transcript annotation of the wheat genome, the analysis and comparison of the structural features of the FBA s in different subfamilies were also conducted Figure 2. Citing articles via Web of Science Ancient hybridizations among the ancestral genomes of bread wheat. The word aldolase also refers, more generally, to an enzyme that performs an aldol reaction creating an aldol or its reverse cleaving an aldolsuch as Sialic acid aldolasewhich forms sialic acid.


Aldolases Fructose-bbisphosphate and Frutose-bisphosphate are mainly involved in glycolysiswhile aldolase B is involved in both glycolysis and gluconeogenesis.

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Phylogenetic reconstruction using the deduced protein sequence of FBA evolutionzry indicated an independent evolutionary pathway for the class I and class II groups. Combined with the results of Genevestigator, we analyzed the spatiotemporal expression profiles of the members of the TaFBA gene family Figure 6.

It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Multiple isozymes ensure the essential function of FBA in the Calvin cycle, glycolysis, and gluconeogenesis, as well as lead to gene redundancy.

Induced fit movements and metal cofactor selectivity of class II aldolases: Plastid aldose AldP2 is upregulated by salt stress in Nicotiana Yamada et al.

Additionally, tyrosine residues are crucial to this mechanism in acting as stabilizing hydrogen acceptors. Untranslated regions UTRs are shown as blank boxes. Glycolysisevoluhionary catabolic pathwayuses the forward reaction.

Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase, class 2 (IPR) < InterPro < EMBL-EBI

The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author s or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. Because TaFBA genes mostly possess multiple phytohormone and abiotic stress-responsive elements, we considered that the expression pattern of TaFBA genes could be regulated by various environmental factors.


The shoots and roots of the seedlings were collected at 0, 1, 2, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after treatment. In gluconeogenesis glyeraldehydephosphate is reduced to fructose 1,6-bisphosphate with aldolase. The molecular characteristics of TaFBA genes and the prediction of chromosomal and subcellular location.

Chuang Ma for the manuscripts review and good suggestion. Three enzymes of carbon metabolism or their antigenic analogs in pea leaf nuclei.

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Nistory localized FBAs in P. Crystal structure of human muscle aldolase complexed with fructose 1,6-bisphosphate: Introns are shown as thin lines. DL is DNA marker, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, bp.

Chartreuse circle represents Porphyromonas gingivalis. Protein localization and activity, gene expression, and phylogenetic analyses indicate that the pennate diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum contains five FBA genes with very little overall functional overlap. Abiotic stimuli could rapidly trigger a significant induction of FBA genes in Sesuvium portulacastrum Fan et al. Purification, subunit structure and immunological comparison of fructose-bisphosphate aldolases from spinach and corn leaves.

In the present study, 21 members of evolutionay FBA gene family in fructose-bisphospjate were identified and cloned.