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8 Results The Mithraic Liturgy, Clergy and Devotees by Franz Cumont (). The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont (). CUMONT, FRANZ. Franz Valèry Marie Cumont (–) was a Belgian historian of religions, as well as a philologist, archaeologist, and epigraphist. Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism, by Franz Cumont, at

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Mahatma Gandhi, Indian lawyer, ucmont, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist…. From a methodological point of view, Cumont was a complete scholar able to make use of all the sources literary and material available to him to present a vivid and richly documented historical fresco.

Biographical sketches are available in L. Three main problems were outlined: Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go.

Encyclopædia Iranica

December 15, Last Updated: In hopes of solving the problem of the origin of the Mithraic mysteries, Cumont visited Asia Minor, Syria, and Mesopotamia. It is possible that all this might disquiet the minds of those who have been wont to assume perfection in the primitive Christian church, and who assume also that present-day Christianity is the ultimate form of the Christian religion.

Cumont also encouraged the Belgian excavations in Apamea. The neutrality of this article is disputed.

There was a problem with your submission. Devotees believe that an understanding of the influence of the planets and stars on earthly affairs allows them…. Thank You for Your Contribution!

And yet, admirable as is M. Nor did Christianity stop there.

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. His lectures as guest professor at the College de France in and at the University of Oxford in were published under the title Les religions orientales dans le paganisme romain Paris, cumnot, with one chapter on Mithraism.

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Ancient Iranian religion, diverse beliefs and practices of the culturally and linguistically related group of ancient peoples who inhabited the Iranian plateau and its borderlands, as well as areas of Central Asia from the Black Sea cumoont Khotan modern Hotan, China.

Such persons–if there are. Only 11 left in stock more on the way. Astrology and religion among the Greeks and Romans Jul 12, Views Read Edit View history. According to ancient popular belief, a dead person survived in the tomb or as a shadow in the netherworld and could return to earth as cumong ghost to haunt the living. Nonetheless, Cumont’s Les religions orientales dans le paganisme romain remains a fundamental step in the history of ancient religions.

These documents offer a rich and complex picture of the scientific, frajz, and political background of Cumont’s period and activity, and of the scholarly “cartography” of his time.


Occultism, various theories and practices involving a belief in and knowledge or use of supernatural forces or beings. Ries in Dictionnaire des religionsed. What his book The Mysteries of Mithra is to his special knowledge of Mithraism, The Oriental Religions is to his knowledge of the whole field.

Its four centuries of struggle were not a struggle against an entirely unworthy religion, else would our faith in its divine warrant be diminished; it is to its own great credit, and also to the credit of the opponents that succumbed to it, that it finally overwhelmed granz.

In the s Cumont’s reconstruction of the Mithra’s mysteries came under criticism by Richard Gordon and others. Xumont Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont Brussels, city, capital of Belgium. The notes to the fourth edition Paris, ; repr. Jacques Duchesne-Guillemin Originally Published: His point of view was obviously that of a classicist who did not always have firsthand knowledge of the different aspects of the “Orient.


Christianity triumphed after long conflict because its antagonists also were not without weapons from the armory of God.

CUMONT, FRANZ VALÉRY MARIE – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Hinnells, Mithraic Studies2 vols. Withoutabox Fraanz to Film Festivals. The cults of Asia and Egypt bridged the gap between the cumint religions and Christianity, and in such a way as to make the triumph of Christianity an evolution, not a revolution.

We are under no necessity of artificially darkening the heathen world; the light of the Evangel streams into it brightly enough without this. Cumont, “the triumph of the church will, in our opinion, appear more and more as the culmination of a long evolution of beliefs.

The few specialists in ancient religions may indeed sail smoothly in the current of his thought; but the very nature of a subject which ramifies so extensively and so intricately into the whole of ancient life, concerning itself with practically all the manifestations frabz ancient civilization. Cumont examines how Greek myths — such as the stories of Phaeton, Marsyas, or the Muses — came to be used, through philosophical interpretation, as themes for the decoration of the sarcophagi of the upper classes.

The influence that underlay their pretensions was so real that there is some warrant for the view of Renan that at one time it was doubtful whether the current as it flowed away into the Dark Ages should be Mithraic or Christian. Theology, Astrology, And Religion.