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Request PDF on ResearchGate | Hoploparia, the Best-Known Fossil Clawed Lobster (Family Nephropidae), Is a “Wastebasket” Genus. KEY WORDS: Decapoda, Dinochelus, lobster, London Clay, Nephropidae, Oncopareia, Nephropidae has a fossil record extending back to the. JOURNAL OF CRUSTACEAN BIOLOGY, 23(3): –, HOPLOPARIA, THE BEST-KNOWN FOSSIL CLAWED LOBSTER (FAMILY NEPHROPIDAE).

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Nevertheless, these fossil genera are part of what makes Hoploparia a paraphyletic group. Unlike most HoplopariaEunephrops possess a gastrolateral spine on the cephalothorax.

Homarus 2 extant spp. Retrieved from ” https: Ornamentation is still well represented in fossik data matrix because these features—spines, ridges, etc. Taxonomy and Evolution of the Clawed Weber, F.

File:Nephropidae – Homarus – Wikimedia Commons

The closest living relatives of clawed lobsters are the reef lobsters and the three families of freshwater crayfish. Because lobsters live in murky environments at the bottom of the ocean, they mostly use their antennae as sensors. Taiwan, Province of China. Highly prized as seafoodlobsters are economically important, and are often fpssil of the most profitable commodities fossli coastal areas they populate. The most common way of killing lobsters is by placing them live in boiling water, sometimes after having been placed in a freezer for a period of time.

Judgements on this character can be especially difficult to make.


Hoploparia McCoy,is a well-known, tially, Hoploparia was proposed as a genus of clawed lobster genus with a record extending fossil lobsters generally resembling the Recent from the Lower Cretaceous Valanginian to the American nephfopidae Homarus Weber, but Miocene.

Hoploparia tennesseensis 0???

Cephalic median carina CM: Journal of Paleontology63 164— Hoploparia is shown to be paraphyletic. Archived from the original on January 28, Retrieved July 29, Only a few fossil species, those with very distinctive morphologies, have not been referred to Hoploparia.

Hoploparia McCoy, Lower Cretaceous Valanginian —Miocene is, by far, the most diverse clawed lobster genus fossil or Recent ; 49 species are known. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Influence of predation by two crabs, Pachygrapsus marmoratus Fabricius, and Lophozozymus nephropieae H.

However, carapace rigidity is attempting to write an updated diagnosis of the indeterminate in the lobster fossil record, and genus. The Raffles Bulletin of ZoologySupplement 21, 1— One issue is the difficulty in characterizing i. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Cladistic analyses herein indicate that Hoploparia is paraphyletic and, therefore, support the intuitive judgement that Hoploparia is a wastebasket genus.

Exopod on maxilliped 2: Retrieved July 23, Appendix III Reduced data matrix for cladistic analysis. Related articles in Web of Science Google Scholar. For the master data matrix, we selected 28 nephropid taxa for cladistic analysis. They also get other protections while in transit. Journal of Paleontology This page was last edited on 9 Mayat I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:.


File:Nephropidae – Homarus hakelensis.JPG

Morphology-based phylogenetic analysis of the clawed lobsters family Nephropidae and the new family Chilenophoberidae.

Nomenclator entomologicus secundum Entomologiam systematicum ill. Alternatively, a cladistic approach, which we prefer, would abandon the existing taxa and propose new, monophyletic groupings. Currently, there is so much variation among lobster species referred to Hoploparia that the genus is difficult to characterize. Nephrpidae Geology of Taiwan, 34, — What is the remedy for the nephropirae of Hoploparia? Citing articles via Web of Science Cladistically, apes, both nonhuman and human, form a monophyletic group defined by synapomorphies.

Hoploparia – Wikipedia

Successive approximations approach to character weighting. Archived from the original on The genus has been interpreted intuitively to be morphologically primitive and ancestral to some or many modern nephropid genera. Ciguatera Fish diseases and parasites Mercury in fish Metagonimiasis Scombroid food poisoning Shellfish poisoning.

Retrieved from ” https: Also, the gastric tubercle a small projection located dorsomedially on the cephalothorax, approximately midway between the orbit nephropisae the postcervical groove is present on most Eunephrops but vossil on Hoploparia.