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The present continuous is used to talk about present situations which we see. We use the present simple to talk about actions we see as long term or. We use the present perfect when we want to look back from the present to the .

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english grammar secrets caroline brown and pearson brown

Some verbs can be followed by either the infinitive or —ing form but with different meanings. It always includes ‘now’. When we are speaking, we usually say ‘can’t’. We use it when reporting things said in the past. Read the rest of this only if you want to know more about how some older speakers still use ‘shall’. Interested in the past. We can use the past continuous to talk about past events which went on for a period of time. The Present Perfect Continuous can be used to talk about an action or actions that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future.

We use ‘can’ to talk about ‘ability’. In American English, it is often considered acceptable to englishgrammarsecrest the past simple in some of these examples. Have a piece of this cake.


It is used to make offers and suggestions and to ask for advice. We can use the imperative to give instructions. It looks back from a point in the past to further in the past. Interested about the englishhgrammarsecrets. Do you usually have bacon and eggs for breakfast?

We have two children. We can use the imperative to make an invitation. For any comments on the site, please email Pearson Brown. You only really need to know that about ‘shall’ in modern English. Please start without me. I’ll be there shortly. We can use the past perfect continuous to look back at a situation in progress.

Take that chewing gum englishgrammarsecerts of your mouth. Notice that there are two negative forms: Here, we are talking about future facts, usually found in a timetable or a chart. She doesn’t come here very often.

Here, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking. Return to List of Grammar Lessons.

We use time expressions like ‘yesterday’, ‘ago’, ‘last year’, ‘in ‘ with the past simple. The Thames flows through London. We also use ‘may’ for this but is more formal and much less common. Today, ‘will’ is normally used.


English Grammar Secrets. – by Andrea Rivera [Infographic]

Copyright Pearson Brown and Caroline Brown You may give copies of this ebook to your friends, colleagues and students www. When it is used like a noun it may or may not ejglishgrammarsecrets an article before it. I no longer smoke. We use the passive form to say what happens to people and things, to say what is done to them. They cannot be reused englishgrammafsecrets any other Web site, be it Internet or Intranet, without Pearson’sexpress permission.

Look again at all of these examples of ‘will’. Take two tablets every evening.

English Grammar Secrets | EnglishClub

The present perfect simple to look back on englishgrammxrsecrets in the past from the present. We can use the imperative on signs and notices. We use the present simple to talk about actions we see as long term or permanent.

What does this expression mean? Make yourself at home.