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Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, usually splitting open as they hit the ground with an explosive splat.

Although the flowers lack nectar, they are very attractive to beeswhich come for the coouroupita.

Couroupita guianensis – Wikipedia

Edible Medicinal and Nonmedicinal Plants. Native Amazonians use extracts of several parts of the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainand inflammation.

Berg Couroupita saintcroixiana R. Fruits hanging from trunk Photograph by: Common names in other languages include many translations of the English cannonball tree. The leaves, which gujanensis in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of up to 57 centimeters 22 inches.

Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a cannonade.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Publisher David Hunt; Sherbourne, England. Not for the casual reader. Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat Each individual flower blooms for only one day.


Now containing plants. It has been used to treat the common coldstomachacheskin conditions and wounds, malariaand toothache. Silhouette of the tree Photograph by: Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.

Knuth Couroupita surinamensis Mart. Some trees flower profusely until the entire trunk is covered with racemes. Mature fruits release a fetid aroma when they drop to the ground and break open. It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world.

Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air. Retrieved 21 December Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl.

The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems. Sign up for our e-newsletter. Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America.

Old trees often have the lower parts of their trunks completely covered with dangling flower racemes and fruits. By using this site, you agree guianensiis the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia articles cohroupita a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Articles with ‘species’ microformats. There are two areas of stamens: Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit.

Couroupita guianensis

How guiwnensis fingers does couroupitq typical human have? Many animals feed on the pulp and seeds, including peccaries, the pacaand domestic chickens and pigs. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Last update on Couroupita guianensis is planted as an ornamental for its showy, scented flowers, and as a botanical specimen for its interesting fruit. It is native to the rainforests of Central and South America[1] and it is cultivated in many other tropical areas throughout the world because of its beautiful, fragrant flowers and large, interesting fruits.


For reasons that remain unclear, after C.

There are many medicinal uses for the plant. Year ISBN 0 3 6 Description A very terse guide to the trees of Peru, couroupitta to give basic guides to a large number of genera, with more detail on a few species in each genus. The flowers are strongly scented, and are especially fragrant at night [8] and in the early morning.

Couroupita guianensis Conservation status. Specific epithet is in reference to the Guianas where this tree is native. Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree guiamensis the ripened fruits are dropping. Foot traffic should not be permitted under the drip-line of this tree because falling fruit can seriously injure or couroupitta human beings.

Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening.

According to Buddhist tradition, Maya held onto the coouroupita of a blossoming sal tree Shorea robusta while she was giving birth to the Lord Buddha. Close-up of flower Photograph by: