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Catal Huyuk was one of the world’s first towns. It was built in what is now Turkey about 6, BC not long after farming began. Catal Huyuk probably had a. Catal Huyuk is one of the oldest towns ever found by archaeologists, dating back more than years. While only having been excavated. The excavations at Çatalhöyük have now been running for more than 50 years. Prior to the earliest investigations of the site in the midth century, locals in the .

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The western mound shows the evolution of cultural practices in the Chalcolithic period, from bc to B. Because of the way of the houses are packed so closely together it is hard to dispute it as being anything other than a village or town.

Çatalhöyük (article) | Neolithic art | Khan Academy

It is believed to these were set in a basket or a skin to boil water in a manner that is similar to the way some traditional societies today use heated rocks.

Both geometric and figural images were popular in two-dimensional wall. Storage bins were situated in one small square-shaped room. One of the murals suggests that a dangerous sport is practised here involving bulls, again as in Crete. Whereas Mellaart excavated nearly two hundred buildings in four seasons, the current excavator, Ian Hodder, spent an entire season excavating one building alone Balter,p.


The site rapidly drew international attention due to the large size and dense occupation of the settlement, as well as the spectacular wall paintings and other art that was uncovered inside the huyu. Plastered skulls are associated with the Biblical city of Jericho and have been found in Jordan and Syria.

Catal Huyuk

All walls and platforms of the buildings were covered over in smooth plaster. Archaeologists have deduced that it was much easier to transport relatively light crops to their villages from some distance rather than heavy hishory A river that flowed by Catalhoyuk could have been used to float juniper and oak logs, also used in construction, to the town and may have been used to transport food too. In many houses the main room huyui decorated with several plastered skulls of bulls set into the walls most common on East or West walls or platforms, the pointed horns thrust out into the communal space.

People in Catal Huyuk wore clothes woven from wool. Some kind of trade was going on.

In good weather, many daily activities may also have taken place on the rooftops, which may have formed a plaza. Established around B. Europe and North America.


Preparing food and making tools was generally done in one of the side rooms. One baked clay figure discovered by Mellart in a grain bin is about 20 centimeters tall and huyuj a seated woman. Rock-art sites of Tadrart Acacus: In a woman’s grave spinning whorls were recovered and in a man’s grave, stone axes. Another example is the skulls found.


The sites were set up as large numbers of buildings clustered together. While some of the larger ones have rather ornate muralsthe purpose of some rooms remains unclear. There hyuk continual adjustments in the course of daily life, the spaces ere remade, reworked, moved and used for different purposes. Origins of Agriculture comp-archaeology. They also wore jewelry made of stone, bone and shell.

By BCE, the town had more than 70 of these dwellings, historu more than inhabitants. They did not have doors and houses were entered through hatches in roofs. Most interesting to archaeologists is the evidence for a stone wall over three and half meters high and a tower of equal height. Archaeological museums in Turkey. Those found by Hodder were buried intact under the platforms. The community uses pottery and woven textiles.

The Goddess and the Bull. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond ‘fair use’, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.