Events leading up to Casti Connubii – The encyclical addresses the issues of contraception, divorce, and eugenics — here a history of events leading up to the . Complete summary of Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti’s Casti Connubii. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Casti Connubii. Casti Connubii (On Christian Marriage) by Pope Pius XI addresses Catholic teaching on marriage and procreation. The pope declares that marriage is a divine.
Furthermore, Christian doctrine establishes, and the light of human reason makes it most clear, that private individuals have no other power over the members of their bodies than that which pertains to their natural ends; and they are not free to destroy or mutilate their members, or in any other way render themselves unfit for their natural functions, except when no other provision can be made for the good of the whole body.
These parties, let it be noted, not fettered but adorned by the golden bond of the sacrament, not hampered but assisted, should strive with all their might to the end that their wedlock, not only through the power and symbolism of the sacrament, but also through their spirit and manner of life, may be and remain always the living image of that most fruitful union of Christ with the Church, which is to venerated as the sacred token of most perfect love.
Onan, the son of Judah, did this and the Lord killed him for it” De adulterinis conjugiis, bk. Let that solemn pronouncement of the Council of Trent be recalled to mind in which, under the stigma of anathema, it condemned these errors: And if this is applicable to many other truths of the moral order, we must all the more pay attention to those things, which appertain to marriage where the inordinate desire for pleasure can attack frail human nature and easily deceive it and lead it astray; this is all the more true of the observance of the divine law, which demands sometimes hard and repeated sacrifices, for which, as experience points out, a weak man can find so many excuses for avoiding the fulfillment of the divine law.
Casti Connubii Summary
Concupiscence, present in every person, except the Most Blessed Virgin, immune to original sin, reminds us that that life on Earth is an incessant struggle, as St. Holy Church knows well that not infrequently one of the parties is sinned against rather than sinning, when for a grave cause he or she reluctantly allows the perversion of the right order.
In the first place Christ Himself lays stress on the indissolubility and firmness of the marriage bond when He says: For Christ Himself made the Connuhii the teacher of truth in those things also which concern the right regulation of moral conduct, even though some knowledge of the same is not beyond human reason.
In Casti ConnubiiPius presented a comprehensive summary and reaffirmation of Catholic teaching on Christian marriage.
Casti connubii – Wikipedia
For matrimonial faith demands that husband and wife be joined in an especially holy and pure love, not as adulterers love each other, but as Christ loved the Church.
Some wish it to be allowed and left to the will of the father or the mother; others say it is unlawful unless there are weighty reasons which they call by the name of medical, social, or eugenic “indication. And thirdly the common good of society requires that these marriages should be completely dissolved, which are now incapable of producing their natural results, and that legal reparations should be allowed when crimes are to be feared as the result of the common habitation and intercourse of the parties.
Pius XII confirmed the teaching of his predecessor in many discourses. Print-friendly version Only a univocal vonnubii to the natural law ensures the right ordering and prosperity of the human family and society in general The affirmation of marriage and the family has long been a connuubii of the Church.
God alone, all bountiful and all merciful as He is, can reward her for the fulfillment of the office allotted to her by nature, and will assuredly repay her in a measure full to overflowing.
Besides, God wishes men to be born not only that they should live and fill the earth, but much more that they may be worshippers of God, that they may know Him and love Him and finally enjoy Him for ever in heaven; and this end, since man is raised by God in a marvelous way to the supernatural order, surpasses all that eye hath seen, and ear heard, and all that hath entered into the heart of man.
For Christ has provided her with heavenly doctrines and divine sacraments, that He might make her an effectual teacher of men. However, not even this power can ever affect for any cause whatsoever a Christian marriage which is valid and has been consummated, for as it is plain that here the marriage contract has its full completion, so, by the will of God, there is also the greatest firmness and indissolubility which may not be destroyed by any human authority.
Lose one of the two, and both are lost.
Casti Connubii (December 31, ) | PIUS XI
Since, therefore, openly departing from connybii uninterrupted Christian tradition some recently have judged it possible solemnly to declare another doctrine regarding this question, the Catholic Church, to whom God has entrusted the defense of the integrity and purity of morals, standing erect in the midst of the moral ruin which surrounds her, in order that xonnubii may preserve the chastity of the nuptial union from being defiled connuhii this foul stain, raises her voice in token of her divine ambassadorship and through Our mouth proclaims cpnnubii Therefore although the sacramental element may be cwsti from a marriage as is the case among unbelievers, still in such a connuhii, inasmuch as it is a true marriage there casyi remain and indeed there does remain that perpetual bond which by divine right is so bound up with matrimony from its first institution that it is not subject to any civil power.
Translated by Rosemary Haughton. If a true Christian mother weigh well these things, she will indeed understand with a sense of deep consolation that of her the words of Our Savior were spoken: Wherefore, since the chief obstacle to this study is the power of connubii lust, which indeed is the most potent cause of sinning against the sacred laws of matrimony, and since man cannot casri in check his passions, unless he first subject himself to God, this must be his primary endeavor, in accordance with the plan divinely ordained.
If, however, doing all that lies with their power, they cooperate diligently, they will be able with ease to bear the burdens of their state and to fulfill their duties. Augustine teaches, just as by Baptism and Holy Orders a man is set aside and assisted either for the duties of Christian life or for the priestly office and is never deprived of their sacramental aid, almost in the same way although not by a sacramental characterthe faithful once joined by marriage ties can never be deprived of the help and the binding force of the sacrament.
Therefore, the fundamental doctrines of marriage, found in Holy Scripture and the tradition of the Church, are immutable and inviolable. For there are some who over solicitous for the cause of eugenics, not only give salutary counsel for more certainly procuring the strength and health of the future child – which, indeed, is not contrary to right conjubii – but put eugenics before aims of a higher order, and by public authority wish to prevent from marrying all those whom, even though naturally fit for marriage, they consider, according to the norms and conjectures of their investigations, would, through hereditary transmission, bring forth defective offspring.
Let them constantly keep in mind, that they have been sanctified and strengthened for the duties and for the dignity of their state by a special sacrament, the efficacious power of which, although it does not impress a character, is undying.
Even by the light of reason alone and particularly if the ancient records of history are investigated, if the unwavering popular conscience is interrogated and the manners and institutions of all races examined, it is sufficiently obvious that there is a certain sacredness and religious character attaching even to the purely natural union of man and woman, “not something added by chance but innate, not imposed by men but involved in the nature of things,” since it has “God for its author and has been even cojnubii the beginning a caati of the Incarnation of the Word of God.
To understand Humanae Vitae, read Casti Connubii
But Christian parents must also caeti that they are destined not only to propagate and preserve the human race on earth, indeed not only to educate any kind of worshippers of the true God, but children who are to become members of the Church of Christ, to raise up fellow-citizens of the Saints, and members of God’s household, that the worshippers of God and Our Savior may daily increase.
Casti connubii was a response to the Lambeth Conference of in which the Anglican Community approved the use of birth control in limited circumstances. Whence it comes about not unfrequently, as experience shows, that deplorable defections from religion occur among the offspring, or at least a headlong descent into that religious indifference which is closely allied to impiety. Again, since the issue of the day was neither fidelity nor grace, Pius connuhii Paul highlight the evil of artificial birth control, connubiii destroys the primary blessing of marriage, as the menace it is.