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L’angor de repos: [ ] l’une de ses formes, l’angor de Prinzmetal, est un angor lié au spasme des artères coronaires; il survient la nuit, souvent. Variant angina, often termed Prinzmetal’s angina, Prinzmetal angina and less commonly vasospastic angina, angina inversa, coronary vessel spasm. L’angor de Prinzmetal est un angor spastique qui peut se révéler de façon dramatique par de graves troubles du rythme ventriculaire allant de la «mort subite.

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Bypass Surgery for Prinzmetal Angina

Create a free personal account prinmzetal download free article PDFs, sign up for alerts, and more. Patients should address specific medical concerns with their physicians.

Purchase access Subscribe to the journal. It usually occurs spontaneously, and unlike typical angina, it nearly always occurs when a person is at rest and does not require physical exertion.

Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine.

The only evidence of the presence of totally asymptomatic variant angina would be detection of diagnostic changes on fortuitously conducted ECGs. The most sensitive and specific test for PVA is the administration of ergonovine intravenously. It frequently is associated with transient ST-segment elevation.

Bypass Surgery for Prinzmetal Angina | JAMA Internal Medicine | JAMA Network

Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics. They last minutes to hours, often with a predictable daily pattern, and show a pathognomonic ECG consisting of ST segment elevation rather than depression during the attack, in the leads facing the region of myocardial ischemia. Angina pectoris Prinzmetal’s angina Stable angina Acute coronary syndrome Myocardial infarction Unstable angina. The onset of symptom relief in response to intravenous administration, which is used in more severe attacks of angina, occurs almost immediately while sublingual formulations of it act within 1—5 minutes.


Search Bing for all related images. This contrasts with classical angina which is due to the permanent occlusion of these vessels by atherosclerosis i.

Variant angina – Wikipedia

Heberden in that it appeared due to episodic vasospasm of coronary arteries that were typically not occluded by pathological processes such as atherosclerosisembolior prinzmetql dissection i.

Individuals who develop cardiac chest pain are generally treated empirically as an ” acute coronary syndrome “, and are immediately tested for elevations in their blood levels of enzymes such as creatine kinase isoenzymes or troponin that are markers for cardiac damage. Since PVA is not a “demand”- induced symptom, but rather a supply vasospastic abnormality, exercise treadmill stress testing is of no value in the diagnosis of PVA.

The American Journal of Medicine. One strategy to avoid this development is to schedule nitroglycerin-free periods of between 12 to 14 hours between doses of long-acting nitroglycerin formulations. Documentation by coronary arteriography”.

Purchase access Subscribe to JN Learning for one year. When positive, the symptoms and associated ST-segment elevation should be present.

Access to the text HTML. Some individuals with otherwise typical variant angina may show depressions, rather than elevations in the ST segments of their ECGs during angina pain; they may also show new U waves on ECGs during angina attacks.


However, coronary stenting is contraindicated in drug- refractory individuals who do not have significant organic nagor of their coronary arteries.

Coronary Artery Vasospasm C This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat However, the gold standard for diagnosing variant angina is to visualize coronary arteries by angiography before and after injection of a provocative agent such as ergonovinemethylergonovine or acetylcholine to precipitate an attack of vasospasm.

In contrast to patients with angina pectoris secondary to coronary artery atherosclerosis, people with variant angina are generally younger and have fewer risk factors for coronary artery disease except for smokingwhich is a common and very significant risk factor for both types of angina.

Variant angina

D ICD – Current Understanding and the Role of Inflammation”. The electrocardiogram may show depressions rather than elevations in ST segments but in all diagnosable cases clinical symptoms should be promptly relieved and ECC changes should be promptly reversed by rapidly acting sublingual or intravenous nitroglycerin.

A rare cause of sudden death. Atrial flutter Ventricular flutter Atrial fibrillation Familial Ventricular fibrillation. A review of the accessible literature shows that at least pronzmetal have been reported.