NEERUKONDA RAVI. RAMA RAO. T. SECOND .. MED. NAME: SECOND YEAR. THIRD YEAR. 01 — NAGANABOYINA PANDU RANGA. S. Pandurangam, D. Pandya, P. Pankratov, A. K. ,01 1 Pankratov, A. V. Pankratov, B Panov, K. 15 17 Papapetrou, . 28, MH/SAY01, KALU MAHADU MENGAL, CENTRAL . 63, MH/SAY01, TANHAJI PANDU PATHAVE, STATE BANK OF.
Retrieved 17 July In times of war, a larger army was formed using this method.
Chola occupation of Anuradhapura. During the times of Vasabha, Mahasena — and Dhatusena, the construction of large irrigation tanks and canals was given priority. King Pandukabhaya, the founder and first ruler of the Anuradhapura Kingdom, fixed village boundaries in the country and established an administration system by appointing village headmen. Under these conditions, rain fed cultivation was difficult, forcing early settlers to develop panu to store water in order to maintain a constant supply of water for their cultivations.
During the reign of Kithsirimevan —Sudatta, the sub king of Kalingaand Hemamala brought the Tooth Relic of the Buddha to Sri Lanka because of unrest in their country.
The chief judicial officer was known as viniccayamacca and there were several judicial officers under him, known as vinicchayaka. Views Read Edit View history. Villages were usually concentrated around irrigation reservoirs to enable easy access to water for agriculture. The major ports and towns pansu Sri Lanka during the Anuradhapura period.
Among the reservoirs constructed during the reign of Vasabha, Mahavilacchiya and Nocchipotana reservoirs both have circumferences of about 2 miles 3. After ruling the country for 22 years, they were defeated by Asela — BC155 was in turn overthrown by another invasion led by a Chola prince named Ellalan — BC.
Hospital complexes have also been found close to monasteries. The first reference in historical sources to any written work is about 80 BC, but both Sinhala and Pali literature existed even two centuries before this, if not earlier.
Single combat between the opposing kings or commanders, mounted on elephants, often decided the outcome of the battle. Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara. Before this, it had several principalities independent of the Anuradhapura Kingdom. Advanced technology was required for the planning and construction of large reservoirs and canals.
One of them, Siyabaslakarawas written in the 9th or 10th century on the art of poetry and is based on the Sanskrit Kavyadarsha. One of these was established by Anuradha, a minister of King Vijaya, on the banks of a stream called Kolon and was named Anuradhagama. The kingdom was under the rule of a king. By the end of the 3rd century AD, the Jetavana sect had also become close to the ruler.
These constructions contributed immensely to the improvement of agriculture in the northern and eastern parts of the dry zone. Skill in arts was a respected and valued trait during this period and artists were well rewarded by the rulers.
Customs, traditions and moral principles based on Buddhism were used as the bases of law.
Retrieved from ” https: International Centre for Ethnic Studies. However, there are no records of women holding any administrative posts.
Rulers sponsored Theravada and often took steps to stop the spreading of Mahayana beliefs. RajarataMalaya Rata and Ruhunathe three sections the country was pajdu into, are also shown.
After the introduction of Buddhism to Sri Lanka during the reign of Devanampiya Tissa, it spread throughout the country under his patronage.
Most of these verses are describing or even addressed to the female figures depicted in the frescoes of Sigiriya. The oldest coins found at Anuradhapura date up to BC. This conservation and distribution of water resources ensured that the water supply was sufficient throughout the dry zone. The Samadhi statue in Anuradhapura, considered one of the finest examples of psndu Sri Lankan art,  shows the Buddha in landu seated position in deep meditation, and is sculpted from dolomite marble and is datable to the 4th century.