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Khudai Khidmatgar Movement was organized by Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan popularly known as Bacha khan, on a non-violence approach to the. He started the Khudai Khidmatgar movement (Servants of God). Khudai Khidmatgar movement was a non-violent freedom struggle against the. The Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God) was a group founded by Abdul Ghaffar Khan in and its success in furthering the movement for Indian Independence.

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The members of the Khudai Khidmatgar pledged to serve the nation above all else using nonviolence at all costs, even when met with violence.

All of these activities served to prepare volunteers for their nonviolent action in the field against the British. Views Read Edit View history.

Khudai Khidmatgar | Lokashakti Encyclopedia

Inthe Khudai Khidmatgar movement changed its tactics and involved women in the movement. Lodi dynasty Suri dynasty Hotak dynasty Durrani dynasty Barakzai dynasty more. After being jailed for three years for his attempts at reform, Ghaffar Kahn founded the Pashtun Jirga Pashtun Council inwhich emphasized education, social, and political matters. Trained and uniformed, they served behind their officers and filed out into various villages to seek recruits. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.

Other ranks included Jarnails Generals. A Cunningham policy note of 23 September reads: The movement has also been criticized for its opposition to partition, and by that virtue the creation of Khuai. Initially the movement focussed on social reform as a means of improving the status of Pashtuns against the British.

Nonviolence exacts a very high price from one who practices it. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. By disobeying direct orders, the regiment sent a clear message to London that loyalty of India’s armed forces could khixmatgar be taken for granted to enact harsh measures.

The Khudai Khidmatgar opened schools that taught reading, writing, political awareness, cleaning, and sanitation to Indians. P for their political motives and got majority in every khicmatgar till through referendum the people of N.


The Khudai-Khidmatgar started the idea of non violence.

The British government harassed them and their family members sexually, but they did not lose passions and did not adopt any violent way. The movement is also against sectarianism. Retrieved from ” https: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. But nothing can conquer nonviolence. We are the army of God By death or wealth unmoved, We march, our leader and we, Ready to die!

Inthe government brought the Frontier Province to the same level of administration as other parts of India, and urban and rural elections followed shortly thereafter. Despite the provocation and its obvious ambivalence over Pakistan’s creation, the Khudai Khidmatgar leaders reconvened at Sardaryab on 3 and 4 September and passed a resolution [23] that stated, “The Khudai Khidmagars regard Pakistan as their own country and pledge that they shall do their utmost to strengthen and safeguard its interest and make every sacrifice for the cause; The dismissal of Dr.

There were many nonviolent methods utilized by the Khudai Khidmatgar against the British. He said ‘there is an answer to violence, which is more violence. The Congress subsequently offered all possible help to the Pathans in exchange on their part to joining the Congress party for the independence struggle. The KK’s activists role in helping Subhash Chandra Bose’s escape in has largely been ignored till recently.

Under the influence of Abdul Ghaffar Khan the movement advocated non-violent protests and justified their actions through an Islamic context.

Khudai Khidmatgar

From time to time they drilled in work camps and took long military-style marches into the hills. They began by wearing a simple white overshirt, but the white was soon dirtied. The police and government were given unlimited authority, which resulted in more violence against protestors.

Ghaffar Khan was banned from the province. In one area, districts were established and made under British control. Ghaffar Khan was arrested and the Khudai Khidmatgar was banned. It keeps standing up.


Pacifism in India Nonviolent resistance movements Indian independence movement History of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa National liberation movements Liberal and progressive movements within Islam Political terminology in Pakistan Pashtun nationalism.

To eradicate social evils like illiteracy, blood feud, crimes, the use of intoxicants and factionalism from khidmaggar Pushtoon society, he decided to launch an Educational Program and achieve the goal purely on non-violence and non-political base. At khidmwtgar schools, people learned to spin thread, grind wheat for flour, and press oil seeds for cooking oil. ,hudai

GK 20-20: Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

The same could not be said khudia using non violence against the troops. Later on the organization joined hands with all India Congress in N.

The Khudai Khidmatgar organisation was declared unlawful in mid-Septembermass arrests followed and the centre at Sardaryab Markaz-e-Khudai Khidmatgaranbuilt inwas destroyed by the Provincial Government. Ghaffar Khan returned to Peshawar in triumph on 29 August on what the Peshawar daily Khyber Mail called the happiest day of his life.

It occurred after Bacha Khan refused to accept the results of the internal party elections in which Salar Aslam Khan of Kohat won the contest as president of Pakhtun Zalmey with overwhelming majority. It is good if it is given not as a custom but solely in the name of Allah. This was a local battle in the North-West Frontier Province, but the Khudai Khidmatgar was also part of the Indian National Congress and was involved in the national struggle for Indian independence.

This was the most efficient group among the Pashtuns because it was a nonviolent army used to fight the British for Indian independence. As part of the Government of India Acta limited male franchise was for the first time introduced in the North-West Frontier Province.