RENE A. WORMSER CONTENTS PREFACE by drazilla carroll reece v .. Asked about the power of foundations to influence independent thought and action in. Rene Wormser was the counsel for a congressional committee commissioned to investigate the great tax-exempt foundations. Despite opposition from the. Foundations, their power and influence. Front Cover. René Albert Wormser. Devin-Adair Co., – Social Science – pages.
An example of the sometimes explosive nature of foundation giving is the support by foundations of the late Dr. Stephanie rated it really liked it Jun 08, No trivia or quizzes yet. As an example of interlocking fonudations, the report cited the case of The Rand Corporation. These are es- sentially recipients of money for their own use and not in the business of handing out grants to others, They are, in rela- tion to the foundations, mentioned above rheir the consumer is in relation to his supplier.
This book documents the power of the Tax-Exempt foundations and how they used that power to subvert a nation.
Foundations : Their Power and Influence by René A. Wormser | Earth Emperor
In making application for a grant before World War II, a few lines or at most a paragraph or two sufficed for the experimental design; now it may extend over six to eight single-spaced typewritten pages. Commissioners Weinstock, Ballard, and Ashton, while dissenting and calling the report partisan and un- fair regarding certain labor issues, concurred in its conclusions regarding the foundations.
Starting with a study of labor exploitation, it went on to in- vestigate concentrations of economic power, interlocking directo- rates, and the role of the then relatively new large charitable foun- dations especially of Carnegie and Rockefeller as instruments of power concentration.
Because of their relative freedom from governmental and other controls, it has been suggested that foundations may have a special mandate to enter fields of controversy, where the theirr nature of the issues would make suspect the findings of less independent organizations and where the needed financing from any other source may prove difficult. I am suggesting that scientific, technical, and financial facilities are such in this country as to encourage a great number of mediocrities to go into science, and to seduce even those with creative talent and imagination to a mistaken view of the nature of the scientific enterprise.
Full text of “Foundations, America Foundations; Their Power And Influence Rene A Wormser ( )”
Some smaller foundations, like The Hillman Foundation, have found their influence greatly amplified through the granting of an- nual awards. The politically minded manipulator often is rewarded with eminent status, whether he is a true scholar or not.
This lure draws many away from potentially crea- tive work and the pursuit of new discovery, and leads them into Sterile fields tended by conformists. Indeed, some have only nominal capital today but will contain vast sums on the deaths of those who created them.
But they have not finished the study which the social importance of foundations requires. In addition, as far as the courts are powed, the law is regrettably ambiguous as it stands. The generally accepted practice of matched grants multiplies the impact of foun- dation giving. To a large degree they are the leaders and standard setters for the foundation movement. It is not the purpose of this study, however, to discuss the business or tax-avoidance use of foundations in detail.
In the influence of the administrators on the choice of causes and recipients supported by grants, Hughes sees a real danger to the Republic.
Foundations, America Foundations; Their Power And Influence Rene A Wormser ( 1958)
It seems fair to require individuals to choose whether they wish to operate on one side of the street or the other — as givers or receivers. Among its supporters have been: The Council [the SS. He found that seven had applied to one of the big three foundations Ford, Rockefeller, and Carnegie for giants and all but one had been turned down.
Each specialized in some field of research or of social ac- tion and often could act with more detailed understanding than could the contributing foundations which scattered their interest over large areas. There is thus a tendency to consider that bigness, in itself, when it is capable of corrective restraint, is sufficient justification for re- medial legislation, even when there is no actual evidence of unfair competition or of collusion.
It was most distressing to the Reece Committee to find that such professionals, without themselves having fiduciary responsi- bility, exercise such vast power.
Foundations: Their Power and Influence
He conceived of foundations as clearing houses for ideas p. But it has probably in- doctrinated thousands of more or less intelligent citizens. One does not go on making contributions to a ingluence organization in the hope of converting it away from communism. Dollard and Young are very familiar names. As Professor Colegrove testified: The managers of tax-exempt endowments act as trustees not only for the donors to such foundations but also for the public.
Emerson Andrews illus- trates the financial power of a few big endowments. The climate pro- duced in the world of ideas by the large foundations, upon whose support so many scholars must rely for research, is not favorable to wor,ser projects. Among the trustees and officers of The Rand Corporation were found the following who had material connec- tions with other foundations: The Committee sought out guiding principles for future founda- tion behavior rather than grounds for punishing past errors.
If, then, control over an academic journal is concentrated in a few hands, it would be easy enough to impose concepts and phi- losophies on a generation of scholars, and upon school foundatiobs and textbook writers. The donor is permitted to satisfy his idiosyncrasies, if he cares to, by designating purposes limited to certain classes of beneficiaries and certain classes of benefactions, as long as the whole operation is truly philanthropic.
Indeed, there have been few instances in which both these motives have wwormser been present simultaneously in varying proportions. In the resulting public discussion, even some of the most stalwart supporters of the criticized foundations were obliged to admit to certain deficiencies; indeed, some major changes in personnel and in operating policies ensued. In his recent book, Philanthropic Foundations Mr.
It maintains that the economic power of great corporations should be suppressed by dissolutions and break-ups. Like all studies by Congressional committees, the investigations took place in an atmosphere of some wor,ser passion.
Shaina marked it as to-read Nov 18, They must be so dedicated. He advocated reliance on expert advisory boards, acting as intermediaries for foundations, presumably competent to counsel on the relative merits of applications and the proper priority of causes. It is in the field of ideas that foundations exert the greatest influence on our lives and on the future of our country.
Inwhen these opinions were expressed, obviously nobody expected the emergence of intermediary organizations serving foundations in the distribution of grants and their resulting power in the academic world. Even the great sums allotted by the Federal government for social science research have come into the virtual control of this professional group.