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Bahia de Minamata Índice Lugar Historia Consecuencias Enfermedad de Minamata Bioacumulación del mercurio. Medidas del gobierno. Minamata disease is a neurological syndrome caused by severe mercury poisoning. . Enseñanzas de la Enfermedad de Minamata y el Manejo del http :// Enfermedad cardiovascular. Exposición contaminado en la bahía de Minamata (Japón). Una em- presa química vertía directamente en el agua de la bahía.

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Two days later, her younger sister also began to exhibit the same symptoms and she, too, was hospitalised. As of March2, victims had been officially recognised as having Minamata disease 1, of whom had died [2] and over 10, had received financial compensation from Chisso.

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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Minamata disease. Disease victims, fishing families, and company employees were excluded from the debate. Tomoko was poisoned by methylmercury while still in the womb. The arbitration group were dismayed by the sums on offer.

The litigation group, representing 41 certified patients 17 already deceased in 28 families, submitted their suit against Chisso in the Kumamoto District Court on 14 June The issue of quantifying the impact of Minamata disease is complicated, as a full epidemiological study has never been conducted and patients were recognised only if they voluntarily applied to a certification council to seek financial compensation.

Despite the almost universal assumption to the contrary, the wastewater treatment facilities installed in December had no effect on the level of organic mercury being released into the Shiranui Sea. Emboldened by the success of the small Minamata cooperative, the Enfermeedad Prefectural Alliance of Fishing Cooperatives also decided to seek compensation from Chisso.

Their parents, who are often their only source of care, are into their seventies or eighties or already deceased.

Former Chisso President Kiichi Yoshioka admitted that the company promoted a theory of dumped World War II explosives, though it knew it to be unfounded. They ninamata that patients must exhibit all symptoms of Hunter-Russell syndrome — the standard diagnosis of organic mercury poisoning at the time — which originated from an industrial accident in the United Kingdom in This culminated in with the establishment in Minamata of the Citizens’ Council for Minamata Disease Countermeasures, which was to become the chief citizens’ support group to the Minamata patients.


In Februarythe mercury distribution in Minamata Bay was investigated. The certification committee convened on 29 November and agreed that the two dead children and the 16 children still mlnamata should be certified as patients, and therefore liable for “sympathy” payments from Chisso, in line with the agreement.

Local doctors and medical officials had noticed for a long time an minqmata high frequency enfermedas cerebral palsy and other infantile disorders in the Minamata area. The girls’ mother informed doctors that her neighbour’s daughter was also experiencing similar problems. ToxicologyNeurologyPsychiatry. The prominent Japanese documentary filmmaker Noriaki Tsuchimoto made a series of films, starting with Minamata: Former factory manager Eiichi Nishida admitted that the company put profits ahead of safety, resulting in dangerous working conditions and a lack of mibamata with mercury.

Victims of Yokkaichi asthma and Itai-itai disease were minakata citizens’ groups and filed lawsuits against the polluting companies in September and Marchrespectively. Instead of accepting the agreement as they had promised, the arbitration group asked for increases.

The physicians were puzzled by her symptoms: This fact, combined with the lack of other industry, meant that Chisso had great influence in Minamata. Also, in recognising an minamaat as a Minamata disease sufferer, the certification council qualified that patient to receive financial compensation from Chisso.

Malaltia de Minamata

In Septembera report was issued proving Showa Denko’s pollution to be the cause of this second Minamata disease. The committee certified only patients exhibiting explicit symptoms of the British syndrome, rather than basing their diagnosis on the disease in Japan. Testimony at a later Niigata Minamata disease trial proved that Chisso knew the Cyclator to be completely ineffective: A founding member of the citizens’ council was Michiko Ishimurea local housewife and poet who later that year published Pure Land, Poisoned Sea: The first exhibition of enfefmedad photographs of Minamata was held in the Fuji Photo Salon in Tokyo inand the first of his d anthologies, Minamata Diseasewas published minamaga Japan in After beginning a sit-in at the factory gates in November enfrrmedad, the patients asked Kumamoto Prefecture Governor Hirosaku Teramoto to include the patients’ request for compensation with the mediation that was ongoing with the prefectural fishing alliance.


H4 Escherichia coli O The highest concentrations centred around the Chisso factory wastewater canal in Hyakken Harbour and decreased going out to sea, clearly identifying the plant as the source of contamination.

Minamata disease – Wikipedia

The arbitration committee announced their compensation plan on 25 May in a disorderly session at the Ministry of Health and Welfare in Tokyo. That summer, Chisso sent gifts to the families who opted for arbitration rather than litigation. Aquatic toxicology Ecotoxicology Occupational toxicology Entomotoxicology Environmental toxicology Forensic toxicology Medical toxicology In vitro toxicology Toxicogenomics.

Slowly but surely, the mood in Minamata and Japan dw a whole was shifting. Third, was the “sympathy money” agreement ofwhich forbade the patients from claiming any further compensation, a legally binding contract? The involvement of the press also aided the process of democratization because it caused more people to become aware of the facts of Minamata disease and the pollution that caused it.

In Japanese, despite the English title. They found that the victims, often members of the same family, were clustered in fishing hamlets along the shore of Minamata Bay. While the struggles of the arbitration and litigation groups against Chisso were continuing, a new group of Minamata disease sufferers emerged.

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