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Pygmalion effect – Wikipedia

Soon after Pygmalion’ s publication, Robert L. Within sociologythe effect is often cited with regard to education and social class. All students in a single California elementary school were given a disguised IQ test at the beginning of the study.

The prior research that motivated this study was done in by psychologists regarding the case of Clever Hansa horse that gained notoriety because it was supposed to be able to read, spell, and solve math problems by using its hoof to answer. The bloomers’ names were made known to the teachers.

These scores were not disclosed to teachers. The Pygmalion effector Rosenthal effectis the phenomenon whereby others’ expectations of a target person affect the target person’s performance. Rosenthal predicted that elementary school teachers may subconsciously behave in ways that facilitate and encourage the students’ success.

This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat Magnitude of teacher expectancy effects on pupil IQ as a function of the credibility of expectancy induction: When finished, Rosenthal theorized that future studies could be implemented to find teachers who would encourage their students naturally without changing their teaching methods.

A major limitation has also been the lack of replication. This behavior that is expressed toward an employee can affect the behaviors of the employee in favor of the leader’s expectations.

When the clock strikes 14, we throw away the clock. A corollary of the Pygmalion effect is the golem effectin which low expectations lead to a decrease in pigmaleoh [1] both effects are forms of self-fulfilling prophecy. Influence of student behavior on teacher’s self-evaluation.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In turn, the employee participates in more learning behavior. Robert Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson ‘s study showed that, if teachers were led to expect enhanced performance from children, then the children’s performance was enhanced. By the Pygmalion effect, people internalize their positive labels, and those with positive labels succeed accordingly. An experiment done by Jenkins and Deno submitted teachers to a classroom of children who had either been told to be attentive, or unattentive, to the teachers’ lecture.

The concept of stereotype threat could be considered to be the inverse of the Pygmalion effect, as it denotes a negative form of self-fulfilling prophecy. However, First and Second Graders showed statistically significant gains favoring the experimental group of “intellectual bloomers”.

All six grades in both experimental and control groups showed a mean gain in IQ from before the test to after the test. For example, Clever Hans would be given a math problem to solve, and the audience would get very tense the closer he tapped his foot to the right number, thus giving Hans the clue he needed to tap the correct number of times. For instance, whenever Clever Hans was asked a question the observers’ demeanor usually elicited a certain behavior from the subject that in turn confirmed their expectations.

The role of leader behaviors”. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. At the end of the study, all students were again tested with the same IQ-test used at the beginning of pigmqleon study. Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw. Rosenthal argued that biased expectancies could affect reality and create self-fulfilling prophecies.

Pygmalion effect

These factors were brought about by Rosenthal’s model of the Pygmalion effect. Journal of Management35 5— Pygmalion Galatea Pygmalion Totalmente Demais By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Pygmalion in the classroom: In the end, Thorndike wrote the Pygmalion study’s findings were worthless. Leader expectations of the employee may alter leader behavior. A synthesis of findings from 18 experiments.

Efecto Pigmalión by Santiago Llano Metrio on Prezi

This study supported the hypothesis that reality can be positively or negatively influenced by the expectations of others, called the observer-expectancy effect. He summarized his evaluation of the instrument this way: American Educational Research Journal, 5 4 The idea behind the Pygmalion effect is that increasing the leader’s expectation of the follower’s performance will result in better follower performance.

Teachers reflect what is projected into them by their students. Views Read Edit View history.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 76 1 Handbook of Psychology volume This led to the conclusion that teacher expectations, particularly for the youngest children, can influence student achievement.

Teachers are also affected by the children in the classroom. Leaders will show more leader behaviors such as leader-member exchange trust, respect, obligation, etc. The teacher may pay closer attention to and even treat the child differently in times of difficulty. They found that teachers who were in the attentive condition would rate their teaching skills as higher.

Thorndikean educational psychologistcriticized the study and demonstrated that the instrument used to assess the children’s IQ scores was seriously flawed.