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Galego: Extensión e xeografía da Galiza castrexa, xunto con localización das oppida (elaborado a partir de Rodríguez Corral, J. A Galicia. View Academics in Cultura Castrexa on A cultura castrexa (Historia de Galicia) [Francisco Calo Lourido] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Andologensi Greeks Interamici Turmodigi Varduli. The votive altars containing this dedications frequently present three holes for gifts or sacrifices.

Cultura castrexa – Picture of Santa Tecla Celtic Village, A Guarda – TripAdvisor

Castro metallurgy refined castrexq metals from ores and cast them to make various tools. Since the beginning of the 6th century BCE the Castro culture experienced an inner expansion: Although most of the communities of this period had mostly self-sufficient isolated economies, one important change was the return of trade with the Mediterranean by the now independent Carthagea thriving Western Mediterranean power.

The supreme Nabia is related to Jupiter and another incarnation of the deity, identified with Diana, Juno or Victoria or others from the Roman pantheon, linked to the protection and defence of the community or health, wealth and fertility. Retrieved from ” https: Archaeological finds such as ceremonial axes decorated with animal sacrificial scenes, together with the severed head sculptures and the testimonies of classical authors, confirms the ceremonial sacrifice of animals, [48] and probably including human sacrifice as well, as among Lusitanians and Gauls.

Main products include tools sickles, hoes, ploughs, axesdomestic items knives and cauldronsand weapons antenna swords, spearheads.

This is especially true in the municipality of Vila do Conde, which holds Cividade de Bagunte, one of the largest sites, along with seven other castros. The religious nature of Cosus had many similarities with that of Bandua.

Supporting the idea, no evidence has been found of any women worshipping at any of the monuments dedicated to Cosus. The major inner feature of these multi-functional undivided cabins were the hearthcircular or quadrangular, and which conditioned the uses of the other spaces of the room.

On the role of agency, memory and identity in the construction of space from castrexx Upper Palaeolithic to the Iron Age in Europe.

Cultura castrexa – Picture of Santa Tecla Celtic Village, A Guarda

Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 16 July These oppida were generally surrounded by concentric ditches and stone walls, up to five in Briteiros, sometimes reinforced fastrexa towers. Gold, iron, copper, tin and lead were the most common ores mined.


Bracara Augusta later became the capital of the Roman province of Gallaeciawhich encompassed all the lands once part of the Castro culture. The most notable characteristics of ucltura culture are: It is castrsxa culture associated with the Celtiberiansclosely associated to the western Hallstatt horizon of Central Europe. Gallaecians bred cattle for meat, milk and butter production; they also used oxen for dragging carts and ploughs, [21] while horses were used mainly for human transportation.

Each populi or civitas was composed of a number of castellaeach one comprehending one or more hill-forts or oppida, by themselves an autonomous political chiefdom, probably under the direction of a chief and a senate. They also bred sheep and goatsfor meat and wool, and csstrexa for meat. Not only did the number of settlements grow during this period, but also their size and density.

Cultura castrexa | Flickr

Head sculptures, Museo de Castexa Votive sacrificial bronze, with a cauldron and a torc, Museo de Pontevedra. Hundreds of Latin inscriptions have survived with dedications to gods and goddesses. Bandua, Reue, Arentius -Arentia, QuangeiusMunidisTrebarunaLaneanaand Nabia worshipped in the heart of Lusitania vanishes almost completely outside the boundary with the Vettones. Carthaginians Phoenicians Turduli Baetici. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Hallstatt D, dated by means of its fibulae from to BC A family nucleus from cividade de Terroso. cutura

The largest number of indigenous deities found in the whole Iberian Peninsula are located in the Lusitanian-Galician regions, and models proposing a fragmented and disorganized pantheon have been discarded, since the number of deities occurring together is similar to other Celtic peoples in Europe and ancient civilizations. This deity has not been recorded in the same areas as Bandua, Reue and Nabia deities occur, and El Bierzo follows the same pattern as in the coast.

Gallaecian languageCeltiberian languageCeltic place-names in Galiciaand List of Celtic place names in Portugal.

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These villages were closely related to the open settlements which characterized the first Bronze Age, frequently established near the valleys and the richer agricultural lands.

Celtici of Arunda Cempsi Mirobrigenses. Universidade de Santiago de Compostela.

Southern Gallaecians Bracaresescomprising the area of the oppida, were composed of 24 civitates: Strabo wrote, probably describing this process: Using three main type of tools, ploughssickles and hoestogether with axes for woodcutting, the Castro inhabitants grew a number of cereals: Cosus, a male deity, was worshipped in the coastal areas where the Celtici dwelt, from the region around Aveiro and Porto to Northern Galicia, but seldom inland, with the exception of the El Bierzo region in Leon, where this cult has been attributed [49] to the known arrival of Galician miners, most notably from among the Celtici Supertamarici.


Ancient Roman military presence in the south and east of the Iberian Peninsula since the 2nd century BC would have reinforced the role of the autochthonous warrior elites, with better access to local prestige items and importations.

While the use of stone for constructions is an old tradition in the Castro culture, dating from the 1st centuries of the 1st millennium BC, sculpture only became usual from the 2nd century BC, specially in the southern half of the territory, associated to the oppida. Retrieved 2 May Sometimes, human remains have been found in cists or under the walls, implying some kind of foundational protective ritual.

cultrua There is a cividade toponym casttexa Bragaa citadel established by Augustus, although there are no archaeological findings apart from cuultura ancient parish name and pre-Roman baths. Retrieved 22 December Old reused stone slab, now in exposition in Formigueiros, AmoeiroGalicia. From the Mondego river up to the Minho riveralong the coastal areas of northern Portugal, during the last two centuries of the second millennium BCE a cxstrexa of settlements were established in high, well communicated places, [6] radiating from a core area north of the Mondego, and usually specializing themselves in the production of Atlantic Bronze Age metallurgy: The culture went through somewhat of a transformation, as a result of the Roman conquest and formation of the Roman province of Gallaecia in the heart of the Castro cultural area; by the 2nd century CE most hill-forts and oppida had been abandoned or reused as sanctuaries or worshipping places, but some others kept being occupied up to the 5th century, [17] when the Germanic Suevi established themselves in Gallaecia.

Pliny also rejected that the Grovii were Celtic, he considered them to have a Greek origin.